Electronic components face a declining performance and elevated power consumption with the increase of the signal frequency; thus, it is mandatory that new circuit structures, materials, and manufacturing processes can meet the requirements of higher throughput and robustness. In short, the evolution of existing 5G and the development of 6G standard put mmWave wireless communications against numerous challenges. The overall performance improvement of existing mmWave wireless communication systems will inevitably rely on the upgrade of components, signal processing methods, and system schemes. The evolution and innovation of channel models, components, and system design can also pave the way for new applications. In this context, the journal of Frontiers of Information Technology & Electronic Engineering organized a special issue on high-throughput mmWave wireless communications. This special issue covers mmWave channel models, system designs, and components, and is intended to review the advances and future research directions in the field of mmWave wireless communication research. After rigorous review processes, 13 papers authored by researchers worldwide have been selected for this issue, including two review articles, 10 research articles, and one correspondence.

Wei Hong ,   Guangrong Yue   et al.
Millimeter-wave (mmWave) technology has been well studied for both outdoor long-distance transmission and indoor short-range communication. In the recently emerging (FTTR) architecture in the of the fifth generation fixed networks (F5G), mmWave technology can be cascaded well to a new optical network terminal in the room to enable extremely high data rate communication (i.e., >10 Gb/s). In the FTTR+mmWave scenario, the rapid degradation of the mmWave signal in long-distance transmission and the significant loss against wall penetration are no longer the bottlenecks for real application. Moreover, the surrounding walls of every room provide excellent isolation to avoid interference and guarantee security. This paper provides insights and analysis for the new FTTR+mmWave architecture to improve the customer experience in future broadband services such as immersive audiovisual videos.

Chao He ,   Zhixiong Ren   et al.
As the fifth-generation (5G) mobile communication system is being commercialized, extensive studies on the evolution of 5G and sixth-generation (6G) mobile communication systems have been conducted. Future mobile communication systems are evidently evolving toward a more intelligent and software-reconfigurable functionality paradigm that can provide ubiquitous communication, as well as sense, control, and optimize wireless environments. Thus, integrating communication and localization using the highly directional transmission characteristics of millimeter waves (mmWaves) is a promising route. This approach not only expands the localization capabilities of a communication system but also provides new concepts and opportunities to enhance communication. In this paper, we explain the in mmWave systems, in which these processes share the same set of hardware architecture and algorithms. We also provide an overview of the key enabling technologies and the basic knowledge on localization. Then, we provide two promising directions for studies on localization with an and model-based (or model-driven) . We also discuss a comprehensive guidance for location-assisted mmWave communications in terms of channel estimation, channel state information feedback, beam tracking, synchronization, interference control, resource allocation, and user selection. Finally, we outline the future trends on the mutual assistance and enhancement of communication and localization in integrated systems.

Jie Yang ,   Jing Xu   et al.
The deployment of millimeter-wave (mmWave) cellular systems in dense urban environments with an acceptable coverage and cost-efficient transmission scheme is essential for the rollout of fifth-generation and beyond technology. In this paper, cluster-based analysis of mmWave channel characteristics in two typical dense urban environments is performed. First, radio campaigns are conducted in two identified mmWave bands of 28 and 39 GHz in a central business district and a dense residential area. The custom-designed channel sounder supports high-efficiency directional scanning sounding, which helps collect sufficient data for statistical channel modeling. Next, using an improved auto- algorithm, multipath clusters and their scattering sources are identified. An appropriate measure for inter- and intra-cluster characteristics is provided, which includes the cluster number, the Ricean -factor, root-mean-squared (RMS) delay spread, RMS angular spread, and their correlations. Comparisons of these parameters across two mmWave bands for both line-of-sight (LoS) and non-light-of-sight (NLoS) links are given. To shed light on the blockage effects, detailed analysis of the propagation mechanisms corresponding to each NLoS cluster is provided, including reflection from exterior walls and over building corners and rooftops. Finally, the results show that the cluster-based analysis takes full advantage of mmWave beamspace channel characteristics and has further implications for the design and deployment of mmWave wireless networks.

Peize Zhang ,   Haiming Wang   et al.

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